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Wood Types and Descriptions «
      WALNUT        Juglans nigra

Physical Properties
    Walnut is a medium density wood that is hard, heavy and strong, which yields a high shock resistance. It is naturally oily and dries very slowly. It is very dimensionally stable, even before kiln-drying.

Working Properties
    Walnut is easy to work with both hand and power tools. Its qualities support clean planing, turning, shaping, routing and sanding. It is resistant to splitting, which makes it good for steam bending, It has good glue, nail and screw strength qualities. It is very accepting to paint, stain and other finishes, and can be polished to a high sheen.

 cherry  cherry

Main Uses
   Furniture, cabinets, flooring, architectural millwork, veneer, paneling, high-class joinery, turnings, carvings, musical instruments, boat building, clock cases and novelties. It is frequently used for inlay and material highlight in contrast to other woods. It is specifically used for gunstocks due to its inherent nature to hold it shape well.

   Walnut is recognized for its rich dark brown color. The heartwood color can range anywhere from a light brown to a purplish black. The creamy white sapwood contrasts against the dark heartwood and can be up to 3 inches in width. The grain is generally straight, while wavy or curly figure is often a common find. Walnut can be found with a wide variety of figure types. Contrary to popular belief, walnut is not a rare species. There are limitations to where it can grow, but the supply is abundant enough for commercial use. In the past, it was heavily harvested for homes, barns and fences. Due to the limitations of where it can be grown, walnut commands a higher price point.
    Walnut grows in varied places across the midwest, central and eastern North America. It can also be found in patches in Utah, California and Oregon. Native to the USA, the walnut was introduced to Europe in 1629 for the cultivation of its fruit. Walnuts like to grow in moist, well drained areas with fertile soil. It is often found by itself or in a hardwood forest of other species. Hand-planted groves of walnut trees are grown for the harvest of nut, and occasionally lumber.