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Wood Types and Descriptions «
      OAK        Quercus rubra

Physical Properties
   Red Oak is a high density wood that is hard, heavy and strong, which yields a great wear-resistance and a high shock resistance.Due to the tannins in the wood, it resists fungi and insects. It is very susceptible to moisture absorption. It is dimensionally stable after a slow kiln-drying process.

Working Properties
   Red Oak has good machining qualities, and is good for nailing and screwing; pre-drilled holes are recommended. It has good qualities for sawing, boring, carving, turning and gluing. It has excellent qualities for planing, drilling, moulding and finishing. Care should be taken to dry slowly due to high shrinkage and its tendency to split and warp.

 cherry   cherry

Main Uses
   The oaks have been key in America's industrial transformation: railroad ties, wheels, plows, looms, barrels, mining timbers and, of course, furniture and flooring. It is also used for doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling, architectural interiors, veneer, ship building, truck and trailer beds, coffins and caskets.

   Red Oak is a group of species of Oak with light reddish heartwood. The sapwood color ranges from white to light brown. Visually similar to White Oak, Red Oak has a less prominent open grain pattern; however, it grows more abundant. It is generally straight grained with a course texture.
   Red Oaks are often classified into two sub-groups: Northern and Southern. A Northern Red Oak is tight grained, a small ratio of sapwood to heartwood, and a light heartwood color variation. A Southern Red Oak offers a large average board size, a wide grain, a close ratio of sapwood and heartwood. It also grows more rapidly than northerly brother, and tends to be harder and heavier.

   Red Oak is the most abundant species group growing in the hardwood forests of the Eastern US. Of these species, eight varieties are viable sources for lumber. It is a native of North America, stretching from southeastern Canada to northeastern and parts of northern-central United States. It is the only native oak that grows as far as Nova Scotia. It prefers rich, slightly acidic, well-drained soil conditions but has an adaptability to grow in a wide variety of other conditions.