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Wood Types and Descriptions «
 
      MAPLE        Acer saccharum, Acer nigrum

 
Physical Properties
   Maple is a close grained, high density wood that is hard and heavy. It has medium stiffness but high crushing strength. The high density yields an extremely tough material with great wear and shock resistance. It dries slowly with a large shrinkage.

Working Properties
   Hard Maple is more difficult to work with than other hardwoods. The hardness does aid to its exemplary finished product quality. It is tough on tools, causing dulling on all cutting, drilling and routing tools. Pre-drilling is a requirement for nailing and screwing. Care must be taken during sanding and finishing, burn marks and other variations stand out more clearly than on other woods. It is good for planning sanding, cutting, drilling, machining, gluing and finishing.

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Main Uses
  Furniture, flooring, cabinets, veneer, musical instruments, woodenware and interior joinery: stairs, handrails, mouldings, doors and decorative woodwork. Other uses include pool cues, skateboards, bowling pins, firewood, pulp, canoe paddles and toys. Surfaces in gymnasiums, bowling alleys and dance floors are often made of Maple.

   Maple is characteristically known for its light cream white color of the heartwood and sapwood. The heartwood can also range to a reddish or grayish brown. It has a dense closed grain with fine, uniform texture; these properties are what give the hard maple its name. Figured grains such as birdseye and curly, or flamed, patterns can be found. Hard maple is vital member of the ecology of many forests across North America. It is the second most commercially used native hardwood.
Habitat
   Hard Maple grows across southeastern Canada, eastern and parts of central United States. While it tends to grow in mixed hardwood forests with moist, well-drained soil, it can also be found in wetter, drier and rockier soil conditions. It is acclimated for colder weather and often favors a northerly climate.

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